Overview of Sindh Province of Pakistan
Sindh is the second-largest province of Pakistan in terms of population.
Its total area is 141000 square kilometers. The name of the province is derived from the river Sindh.
The history of Sindh is very ancient. On this historical land more than three thousand years old,
Moin Ju Daro and Amrikot Dei have been discovered. The date from 1750 BCE to 5000 BCE is still unknown.
In 500 BC, King Darius I of Iran annexed this region to Iran. Two centuries later Alexander the Great
came but passed without taking possession. After this, the Moorish dynasty took over and Buddhism spread.
Most of the population of Sindh became followers of Buddhism. Then came the Parthians,
Kushans and Huns over the next two centuries. Archaeological discoveries at Bhambur,
40 miles southeast of Karachi, provided evidence of the Parthian and Parthian cultures.
From the 3rd to the 7th century AD, Sindh was under Iran. In 712 AD, Muhammad bin Qasim came and converted this area to Islam. In the 10th century AD, the Muslim power came to an end from Sindh. Later it was conquered by Mahmud Ghaznavi. For some time the Sultanate was subject to Delhi. Tughluq dynasty influence here too Stayed long enough. In 1592, Akbar included it in the Mughal Empire. The Mughals mostly ruled through their governors. After the fall of the Mughal Empire, different parts were ruled by different amirs for two centuries. Kalhoras ruled from 1700 to 1783. Then from 1783 to 1843 Talpurs ruled. In 1843 Sir Charles Napier defeated them near Hyderabad and annexed Sindh to British India and made it a part of Bombay province. In 1934, the British made Sindh a separate province and made Karachi it’s capital. After the establishment of Pakistan, Karachi became the capital of the state. Therefore, Karapati was separated from Sindh and was administered by the federation, and Hyderabad was appointed as the capital of Sindh province. Which had been the capital during the Talpur era.
In 1955, Sindh was merged into Wahdat West Pakistan (One Unit).
Chem became a full province again in January 1970 after the breakup of one unit.
The economy of the province is mostly dependent on the river Indus.
The Indus River is a famous river not only in Pakistan but also in the whole world,
which is one of the oldest human civilizations and is important in the history of the Indus Valley.
Sidr or Abbasin in its early part, Attock and Nilab in the middle, and Indus and Mehran in the latter part.
The total length of this river, which originates from the Himalayas in Tibet, is 1800 miles.
It flows through mountains, streams, and springs and reaches the plains of Hazara from Gilgit-Baltistan.
Here, in addition to the Kamil River, the Karam and Bolan rivers also join it from the western side.
At Panjand in the Punjab province, it includes Petalj, Bian, Ravi, Chenab, and Jhelum. In Sindh province,
its delta is more or less 125 miles long coastline is surrounded. While its data area is three thousand square miles.
Due to its provincial capital and main port, Kar has developed tremendously.
Due to this, it has been called a metropolitan city. Apart from Karachi, Hyderabad, Sukkur,
Larkana, Dadu, Khairpur, Tharpa, Thatta, and Badin are famous tourist destinations.